How Should I Determine My High School GPA for College Applications?


High school GPA is one of the first fields to fill out on a college application (GPA). Understanding this number’s formula will help you understand what it is and how your grades affect it. The way that the GPA is calculated varies.

This page discusses the many sorts of GPAs, explains why calculating a high school GPA is significant, and offers instructions for doing so.

Why is your GPA in high school significant?

More people apply to most colleges and certain technical schools than there are openings for students. When this occurs, they choose which applicants to accept by using a differentiator. To determine which applicants are most likely to succeed in their program, admissions officers generally look at an applicant’s GPA.

While admissions committees may also take other factors into accounts, such as SAT scores, academic coursework, extracurricular activities, employment history, letters of recommendation, or volunteer work, they frequently base their decisions on GPA since it is a factor that applies to all applicants and is simple to compare.

Given that the majority of recent high school graduates have no relevant work experience, GPA can also be a significant criterion for businesses when making employment decisions. You can tell how seriously an applicant took their education by looking at their GPA. The National honours Society and other societies utilize GPA to determine admittance, and many sports program’s only take into account applicants with high GPAs.

Different GPAs

There are various types of GPAs that you should be aware of, even though a GPA is always the average of scores stated in decimal notation. Your GPA might be request by a college or employer, and understanding which one is request might have a big impact on the result.

Before the introduction of AP and honours courses, there was only one type of GPA. Both the grade received and the number of courses taken—each carrying the same weight—taken into consideration. Even if it may become less popular in the future, the unweighted calculation is still the most popular.

With the abundance of advanced courses accessible today, “weighted” GPAs are becoming more and more common. More difficult classes (like AP or honours) are valued higher in the calculation when using a weighted GPA. For instance, if receiving all as in ordinary classes results in a 4.0 GPA, receiving all As in AP classes would result in a 5.0 GPA, while receiving all as in honours classes would result in a 4.5 GPA.

Additionally, this implies that, in a weighted GPA system, a B in an AP class is equivalent to a 4.0, or an A in a regular class. Therefore, earning a higher grade in an AP course will make your GPA appear greater than that of students who earned the same grade in a regular class (Birt,2022).

You have cumulative and semester (or trimester) GPAs in addition to weighted and unweighted GPAs. Your cumulative GPA takes into account all of your high school grades. The cumulative GPA and your high school transcript detailing the courses you took and the grades you earned are what colleges will see. They are less worried about specific semesters. Their understanding of your total high school academic performance is expand thanks to your cumulative GPA.

The majority of employers do not request copies of your high school records. Although the cumulative GPA offers more insight into overall performance, if you graduated with a significantly higher GPA than you have cumulatively, you could provide the GPA for your graduating semester instead of the overall score and explain the effort you put into improving your grades that may not be apparent in the cumulative GPA.

How to determine your high school GPA

Your high school GPA can be calculate in a few different ways. ‘Because of their inadequate subject expertise, the students have trouble comprehending’ (BAW, 2022). At first, you can just use gpa calculator online or you can just use the formula for each GPA category as follows:


The fundamental GPA calculation assumes that all classes have equal weight and that each letter grade is equivalent to a number between 0 and 4.

A: 4.0

B: 3.0

C: 2.0

D: 1.0

F: 0

Some schools may assign a pluses and minuses rating. The matching letter and number grade in certain circumstances are more like this (with an F earning no credit and a 0 for the course):

A+: 4.0

A: 4.0

A-: 3.7

B+: 3.3

B: 3.0

B-: 2.7

C+: 2.3

C: 2.0

C-: 1.7

D+: 1.3

D: 1.0

D-: .7

The steps for determining unweighted high school GPAs are as follows:

1. Assign a number to each grade.

Use the table to convert each of your grades into a numerical value (A = 4.0).

2. Add the figures.

To get a total, add the numbers from each grade together.

3. Subtract the numbers.

By the number of lessons you attended, divide the sum. Divide the sum by six, for instance, if you took six classes and obtained letter grades in each one.

4. Write down the number.

Your unweighted GPA is the average from the calculations above.

GPA with weight

Classes that are AP, advanced, or honours receive a higher matching number in a weighted GPA. The associated figures are then slightly higher than the unweighted numbers.

AP courses:

A: 5.0

B: 4.0

C: 3.0

D: 2.0


For advance or honours classes:

A: 4.5

B: 3.5

C: 2.5

D: 1.5

F: 0

The steps for calculating weighted GPAs are as follows:

1. Assign a number to each grade.

For honours and AP classes, use the appropriately weighted chart. Assign a comparable number to each grade (A=5.0 for AP courses).

2. Combine two numbers

Add up all of your numbers, then divide the total by how many grades you received for the courses you took (if you took five classes, divide the total by five).

3. Be aware of your weighted GPA.

The weighted GPA is the result of dividing that sum by the total number of classes taken.

These point tables can be use to determine your GPA for either the current semester or your whole high school career.

Semester-based computations

A semester’s worth of grades taken into account when calculating your GPA. Previous academic achievements or difficulties would not be take into account in this number. However, if students are looking to increase their grades, they can just go for online cheap dissertation writing services.

The steps to calculate your semester GPA are as follows:

1. Determine your GPA for each trimester.

Use the aforementioned weighted or unweighted formula to determine your GPA for every quarter.

2. Total up your GPA across both quarters.

Add the GPAs for your first and second quarters that you calculated before.

3. Split the total.

Your GPA for the first and second quarters combined should be divided by two, the number of quarters in the first semester.

4. Take down your number.

Your first-semester grade point average, weighted or unweighted, is the result of the formula above. The first and second quarters would be include in the computation for the first and second semester GPA, while the third and fourth quarters would be use for the second semester GPA.

CGPA overall

The entire semester average of all of your high school grades up to the computation point is your cumulative GPA. For instance, if you were a senior, your cumulative GPA would be the average of the four years’ worth of fall and spring semesters.

Here is how you figure out your overall GPA:

1. Get your semester GPAs.

Obtain the semester GPA for each academic semester. You probably have a fall and spring semester GPA for each full academic year.

2. Add the figures.

Make a note of the total after adding each semester.

3. Separate into semesters

Divide the total number of semesters you have left in school by the sum of all of your semesters. If you’re a senior, you might split that amount by eight as you have two semesters per year for four years of school. In contrast, if you are a freshman, you would divide the amount by two, accounting for both the autumn and spring semesters of your first year of high school.

4. Get the outcome.

Your total GPA, which was determined using the formula above, is what universities will consider.

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